Table 1 Parameters of the simulation process
Historical population
 No. of historical Generations (Size)2000 (2000 to 1000)
 Selection and matingRandom
Initial varieties
 No. of Initial varieties20
 Size of each initial variety200
 Number of chromosomes7
 Number of SNPs7000
 Number of QTL700
 SNP and QTL distributionUniform
 MAF of SNPs and QTL0.05
 Additive allelic effects for SNPsNeutral
 Additive allelic effects for QTLEmbedded Image
 Mutation rates2.5 × 10−5 per locus
 Number of traits4
 Heritabilities0.3, 0.6, 0.4 and 0.2
 Genetic correlations0.7 between trait 3 and 4