Table 3 Genetic and Pearson’s rank correlations of end-use quality traits for the recombinant inbred lines (RILs) population derived from a cross between Glenn and Traverse across all environments. Values in bold displayed above the diagonal indicate genetic correlation coefficients, and values under the diagonal show Pearson correlation coefficients
TraitaGPCBMTBABLVCBCLCTCLFEMIXOPAMELSMERSMMLPTMMLPVMMLTVMMLPWMMLPIDO
GPC−0.29**c0.42**0.76**0.180.48**−0.31**0.25**0.70**−0.49**−0.35**0.74**0.34**0.40**0.110.10
BMT−0.29**b−0.17−0.29**−0.050.27**−0.020.73**−0.60**0.69**0.90**−0.110.69**0.50**0.89**0.27**
BA0.33**−0.120.22*0.21*0.14−0.53**0.31**0.61**−0.36**−0.46**0.80**0.37**0.32**0.010.07
BLV0.59**−0.24**0.160.29**0.97**−0.080.43**0.76−0.37**−0.22*0.70**0.38**0.48**0.24**0.01
CBCL0.13−0.060.100.23**0.39**−0.41**0.100.24**0.13−0.050.080.10−0.030.13−0.30**
CTCL0.21*0.060.060.34**0.07−0.49**0.65**0.48**0.100.160.62**0.71**0.71**0.65**−0.65**
FE−0.24**−0.04−0.36**−0.05−0.20*−0.16−0.20*−0.18−0.020.07−0.25**−0.25**−0.35**−0.16−0.13
MIXOPA0.24**0.57**0.22*0.30**0.070.37**−0.14−0.130.58**0.58**0.45**0.97**0.83**0.92**0.08
MELS0.57**−0.48**0.41**0.46**0.140.17−0.110.01−0.87**−0.79**0.79**−0.030.09−0.43**0.03
MERS−0.48**0.55**−0.27**−0.26**0.010.02−0.030.25**−0.67**0.83**−0.67**0.33**0.160.61**−0.02
MMLPT−0.35**0.85**−0.39**−0.19*−0.060.050.040.44**−0.64**0.68**−0.48**0.45**0.36**0.97**0.24**
MMLPV0.62**−0.110.48**0.39**0.010.30**−0.140.42**0.61**−0.54**−0.31**0.49**0.83**−0.03−0.21*
MMLTV0.33**0.48**0.26**0.24**0.020.33**−0.170.79**0.080.110.36**0.67**0.96**0.80**0.11
MMLPW0.35**0.31**0.20*0.27**0.020.35**−0.19*0.66**0.13−0.040.18*0.60**0.71**0.71**−0.17
MMLPI0.040.67**0.030.100.040.14−0.170.62**−0.29**0.41**0.75**0.010.53**0.34**0.56**
DO0.130.090.020.03−0.03−0.09−0.040.110.05−0.110.140.050.150.040.24**
  • a GPC: grain protein content, BMT: bake mixing time, BA: baking absorption, BLV: bread loaf volume, CBCL: crumb color, CTCL: crust color, FE: flour extraction rate, MIXOPA: the general mixograph pattern, MELS: mixograph envelope left slope, MERS: mixograph envelope right slope, MMLPT: mixograph MID line peak time, MMLPV: mixograph MID line peak value, MMLTV: mixograph MID line time * value, MMLPW: mixograph MID line peak width, MMLPI: mixograph MID line peak integral; DO: dough character.

  • b Genetic correlation coefficient according to Holland 2006.

  • c Pearson correlation based on BLUP values.

  • * and ** Significant at P < 0.05 and 0.01, respectively; ns not significant at P < 0.05.