Table 6 Digenic epistatic QTL (DE-QTL) detected for end-use quality traits in a bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) RIL population derived from a cross between Glenn (PI-639273) and Traverse (PI-642780)
TraitaDE-QTL NameEnv.bOther associated traitsChrom.1 namePosition1cLeft Marker1Right Marker1Chrom.2 namePosition2cLeft Marker2Right Marker2Associated A-QTLLODdPV(%)eAdditive by Additive Effects
BADEQ.BA.ndsu.1A1/1A1II, VI, X1A15Kukri_c13513_759RAC875_c50463_8081A130RFL_Contig1703_695Excalibur_rep_c92985_6183.866.941.28
BMTDEQ.BMT.ndsu.1A1/1A1VI, X1A10Kukri_c13513_759RAC875_c50463_8081A1120BobWhite_c27541_67IAAV27293.642.100.06
BMTDEQ.BMT.ndsu.1A1/4D1V, X1A1120BobWhite_c27541_67IAAV27294D10wsnp_JD_rep_c51623_35119179Ra_c350_837AQ.BA.ndsu.4D.13.581.90−0.12
MMLPTDEQ.MMLPT.ndsu.1A1/4D1I, VIIII, X1A15Kukri_c13513_759RAC875_c50463_8084D10wsnp_JD_rep_c51623_35119179Ra_c350_837AQ.BA.ndsu.4D.14.542.32−0.22
MMLPWDEQ.MMLPW.ndsu.1A1/5A1II, X1A135RFL_Contig1703_695Excalibur_rep_c92985_6185A160IAAV3916RAC875_c54693_2985.082.56−1.20
MIXOPADEQ.MIXOPA.ndsu.1A1/7A1VIII, XMMLTV1A1125BobWhite_c27541_67IAAV27297A1170wsnp_Ex_c6354_11053460BS00053365_514.871.270.15
MMLTVDEQ.MMLTV.ndsu.1A1/7A1VIII, VIIIIMIXOPA1A1130BobWhite_c27541_67IAAV27297A1180Excalibur_c48973_1688IACX60803.602.232.13
MMLPWDEQ.MMLPW.ndsu.1A1/7B1I, X1A10Kukri_c13513_759RAC875_c50463_8087B10Tdurum_contig57324_104Excalibur_c21252_2273.511.350.81
GPCDEQ.GPC.ndsu.1A1/7D3II, VMERS1A115Excalibur_c5139_198wsnp_Ex_c1358_26015107D320Kukri_c37793_135Kukri_c9804_4624.731.30−0.30
GPCDEQ.GPC.ndsu.1A1/7D3I, X1A130RFL_Contig1703_695Excalibur_rep_c92985_6187D325IAAV6265BobWhite_c7263_3373.511.90−0.13
MERSDEQ.MERS.ndsu.1A1/7D3V, XGPC1A115Excalibur_c5139_198wsnp_Ex_c1358_26015107D320Kukri_c37793_135Kukri_c9804_4625.743.161.30
MMLPVDEQ.MMLPV.ndsu.1B1/7B1VII, VIIIMMLTV1B10RAC875_c4385_1628wsnp_Ra_c23758_332916577B150CAP12_c1816_325BobWhite_c14812_8283.888.152.56
MMLTVDEQ.MMLTV.ndsu.1B1/7B1VII, VIIIMMLPV1B15RAC875_c4385_1628wsnp_Ra_c23758_332916577B145CAP12_c1816_325BobWhite_c14812_8284.803.463.20
MMLPTDEQ.MMLPT.ndsu.1D1/5D1V, X1D120RAC875_c16352_594CAP8_c2401_4335D10wsnp_Ku_c44483_51751682wsnp_JD_c825_12234543.961.900.33
MMLPIDEQ.MMLPI.ndsu.2A1/2B1IV, VIIII2A15Excalibur_c51876_189wsnp_Ku_c10302_170798512B130TA002233-0872Ku_c36209_2044.060.927.74
MMLPTDEQ.MMLPT.ndsu.2A1/2B2I, II, X2A110wsnp_JD_rep_c48914_33168544wsnp_Ex_rep_c102538_876822732B220GENE-0592_352BS00064658_515.591.87−0.61
FEDEQ.FE.ndsu.2A1/3A2II, X2A1105BobWhite_rep_c50285_616Tdurum_contig67827_983A20Ex_c35861_1382Tdurum_contig42150_31903.351.72−0.27
MIXOPADEQ.MIXOPA.ndsu.2A1/3A2VIIII, X2A145Excalibur_c65910_246RAC875_c81899_2163A245BobWhite_c38444_238RAC875_c15109_106AQ.BMT.ndsu.3A3.751.20−0.41
MIXOPADEQ.MIXOPA.ndsu.2A1/5BVIII, X2A1115IAAV880CAP12_c575_1055B225GENE-2471_259Kukri_c9285_7624.202.59−0.31
MMLPTDEQ.MMLPT.ndsu.2A1/6D1I, X2A10wsnp_Ex_c5412_9565527Ra_c10616_2656D135wsnp_Ex_c23383_32628864BobWhite_c13435_700AQ.BA.ndsu.6D4.131.91−0.63
MERSDEQ.MERS.ndsu.2A1/7A1IV, X2A1125CAP8_c3129_381Tdurum_contig92425_31447A1185Excalibur_c1142_724Tdurum_contig54832_1394.042.710.42
MMLPTDEQ.MMLPT.ndsu.2A2/4B1II, III, VII, VIIII2A20Excalibur_c29231_932RAC875_c8069_17094B155wsnp_Ex_c26285_35532440RAC875_rep_c119568_2035.002.19−0.21
MELSDEQ.MELS.ndsu.2B1/2B2I, II2B110BobWhite_c19554_544Kukri_c9785_15572B295BobWhite_c23046_293wsnp_Ex_c3695_67403395.491.87−6.74
BMTDEQ.BMT.ndsu.2B2/1D1VI, VIII2B215BobWhite_rep_c64429_660Kukri_c53810_3151D160CAP8_c1305_148BS00022168_513.370.89−0.13
MMLPTDEQ.MMLPT.ndsu.2B2/1D1II, VI2B2100BobWhite_c23046_293wsnp_Ex_c3695_67403391D145CAP8_c1305_148BS00022168_514.371.99−0.74
FEDEQ.FE.ndsu.2B2/2D2I, X2B2170Excalibur_c15671_87Excalibur_c29221_3112D25Kukri_c9478_2764Kukri_c65380_4903.111.750.27
BMTDEQ.BMT.ndsu.2B2/5BIV, VI2B2100BobWhite_c23046_293wsnp_Ex_c3695_67403395B30BS00064297_51wsnp_BE499835B_Ta_2_5AQ.GPC.ndsu.5B8.452.50−0.20
GPCDEQ.GPC.ndsu.2B2/5BII, X2B20BS00070900_51GENE-1343_3155B125Kukri_c34173_169wsnp_Ku_c3201_59704865.091.51−0.28
BMTDEQ.BMT.ndsu.2B2/6B1V, X2B225GENE-0592_352BS00064658_516B1135wsnp_Ex_c9038_15058444Tdurum_contig43335_13974.273.25−0.16
FEDEQ.FE.ndsu.2B2/7D1II, X2B265Excalibur_c45094_602BS00040959_517D115wsnp_Ex_c17914_26681837RAC875_c11933_8854.132.45−0.31
MMLPTDEQ.MMLPT.ndsu.2B2/7D3V, X2B250RFL_Contig996_818Tdurum_contig30989_797D315Kukri_c37793_135Kukri_c9804_4623.441.820.17
MMLPTDEQ.MMLPT.ndsu.3A1/2D1IV, VIIII, X3A10Tdurum_contig74920_757CAP8_rep_c3652_802D110RAC875_c110838_423Kukri_c12032_5084.351.69−0.17
MMLPTDEQ.MMLPT.ndsu.3A1/6A1I, II3A165BS00077819_51Kukri_c51666_4016A155BobWhite_c1131_328Excalibur_c29639_653.522.330.33
MMLPTDEQ.MMLPT.ndsu.3A1/7A1I, IV3A150TA002540-0938RAC875_c52195_3247A145BS00065020_51tplb0024a09_21064.031.310.51
GPCDEQ.GPC.ndsu.3B1/2D2VII, X3B145wsnp_Ex_c26128_35374652Excalibur_c45968_832D210Excalibur_rep_c104620_183wsnp_BE426620D_Ta_2_25.422.230.15
BMTDEQ.BMT.ndsu.3B2/4B1V, X3B230CAP12_c1468_114JD_c37202_674B145wsnp_CAP12_c1101_569783BS00042105_515.542.130.07
FEDEQ.FE.ndsu.3B3/4B1II, X3B35BS00087695_51BS00003884_514B1100wsnp_Ra_c10988_17932922RAC875_rep_c82932_4283.411.920.29
BMTDEQ.BMT.ndsu.3B4/5BII, VIII3B45BS00022154_51wsnp_Ex_rep_c66766_651239415B180Excalibur_c12395_467wsnp_Ex_c32488_411343883.251.440.15
MIXOPADEQ.MIXOPA.ndsu.4A1/1B1I, X4A110BS00035307_51RAC875_c16277_7371B160RAC875_c61512_173wsnp_Ex_c9091_151355113.561.21−0.15
MERSDEQ.MERS.ndsu.4A1/1D1IV, VI, X4A195wsnp_Ku_c4924_8816643Tdurum_contig42526_9941D110Excalibur_c35316_137RAC875_c16352_5945.035.591.69
MMLPIDEQ.MMLPI.ndsu.4A1/2D2IV, VI4A155RFL_Contig5998_745RAC875_c65221_4382D25Kukri_c9478_2764Kukri_c65380_4904.781.4411.39
MMLPTDEQ.MMLPT.ndsu.4A1/5A1I, III, IV, V4A190Tdurum_contig47148_651RAC875_c25124_1825A130Kukri_c28555_114wsnp_Ku_c18023_27232712AQ.BLV.ndsu.5A4.191.660.55
GPCDEQ.GPC.ndsu.4A1/6D2III,VIIII4A185Ex_c66324_1151wsnp_Ex_c5470_96578566D20BS00022523_51Kukri_rep_c105352_2813.291.04−0.19
BMTDEQ.BMT.ndsu.4A1/7B1I, VI4A135wsnp_Ex_c22913_32130617CAP12_c2677_1387B140BobWhite_c41356_62wsnp_CAP7_c44_265494.631.03−0.20
GPCDEQ.GPC.ndsu.4A1/7B1VII, VIIII4A15BS00035307_51RAC875_c16277_7377B180BobWhite_c6580_361wsnp_Ex_c10550_172312943.603.490.30
MMLPWDEQ.MMLPW.ndsu.4A1/7B1VIIII, X4A180Kukri_c27874_515Ex_c66324_11517B15Excalibur_c21252_227Excalibur_c8486_4713.971.630.30
MMLPTDEQ.MMLPT.ndsu.4B1/2D1IV, VII4B170Excalibur_c39876_403Kukri_c19909_7332D110RAC875_c110838_423Kukri_c12032_5084.031.000.18
BMTDEQ.BMT.ndsu.4B1/5BV, VII, X4B190wsnp_Ex_c15490_23776560IAAV84995B0BS00032003_51BS00064297_51AQ.GPC.ndsu.5B5.652.580.20
MMLTVDEQ.MMLTV.ndsu.4B1/5D1VII, X4B160RAC875_rep_c119568_203Tdurum_contig59914_3235D120wsnp_Ex_c5185_9189184D_GDS7LZN02F4FP5_1763.701.962.38
FEDEQ.FE.ndsu.5A1/1D1II, IV, VI, VII5A135Kukri_c28555_114wsnp_Ku_c18023_272327121D125RAC875_c16352_594CAP8_c2401_433AQ.BLV.ndsu.5A4.653.841.07
MMLPIDEQ.MMLPI.ndsu.5A1/5A2IV, VI5A135Kukri_c28555_114wsnp_Ku_c18023_272327125A210BS00022683_51BobWhite_c17440_130AQ.BLV.ndsu.5A4.611.85−13.09
MMLPIDEQ.MMLPI.ndsu.5A1/7B1IV, VI, X5A120wsnp_Ex_c31672_40435001Kukri_c28555_1147B165Kukri_c18749_968Tdurum_contig12064_923.581.4211.23
MMLPIDEQ.MMLPI.ndsu.5A1/7D3IV, VIIIIMMLPT, MMLTV5A175BS00020605_51BobWhite_c11539_3367D350Tdurum_contig46368_632RAC875_c68368_994.721.52−9.66
MMLPTDEQ.MMLPT.ndsu.5A1/7D3I, IVMMLTV, MMLPI5A170BS00020605_51BobWhite_c11539_3367D345Tdurum_contig46368_632RAC875_c68368_994.691.63−0.23
MMLTVDEQ.MMLTV.ndsu.5A1/7D3IV, XMMLPT, MMLPI5A170BS00020605_51BobWhite_c11539_3367D355Tdurum_contig46368_632RAC875_c68368_993.172.98−0.64
MMLPIDEQ.MMLPI.ndsu.5A2/7A1VI, X5A225Kukri_c41797_393Ex_c19057_9657A180wsnp_Ex_c5939_10417052wsnp_Ex_c39221_465699873.884.13−4.30
GPCDEQ.GPC.ndsu.5A3/2B2I, X5A35BS00099534_51Excalibur_c6714_2462B25IAAV5802GENE-1676_10483.911.89−0.16
MMLPTDEQ.MMLPT.ndsu.5A3/3B4III, VII,X5A35BS00099534_51Excalibur_c6714_2463B45BS00022154_51wsnp_Ex_rep_c66766_651239413.621.64−0.15
BMTDEQ.BMT.ndsu.5B/2D1V, VII, X5B105CAP12_c1419_574RAC875_c14780_542D10RAC875_c110838_423Kukri_c12032_5083.792.90−0.07
GPCDEQ.GPC.ndsu.5B/6D1VI, VIII5B30BS00064297_51wsnp_BE499835B_Ta_2_56D145wsnp_Ex_c23383_32628864BobWhite_c13435_700AQ.GPC.ndsu.5B x AQ.BA.ndsu.6D5.730.790.98
MELSDEQ.MELS.ndsu.5B1/6B1I, X5B1170BobWhite_rep_c50349_139Kukri_c10508_7556B1100BS00037933_51BS00063217_513.861.51−0.74
BMTDEQ.BMT.ndsu.5D1/6D1IV, X5D115BS00110953_51Excalibur_c16573_1976D135wsnp_Ex_c23383_32628864BobWhite_c13435_700AQ.BMT.ndsu.5D x AQ.BA.ndsu.6D3.981.640.17
MMLPTDEQ.MMLPT.ndsu.6A1/4B1IV, VI6A15RAC875_c32053_291BobWhite_c44549_834B1110wsnp_Ku_c7838_13435765Excalibur_c26571_3704.430.770.40
MMLPTDEQ.MMLPT.ndsu.6A2/5BI, X6A210BS00110512_51BS00065028_515B40BS00064297_51wsnp_BE499835B_Ta_2_5AQ.GPC.ndsu.5B4.882.05−0.59
GPCDEQ.GPC.ndsu.6B1/2D2II, VIIII6B1100BS00037933_51BS00063217_512D20wsnp_RFL_Contig2659_2346243RAC875_c78404_2424.892.22−0.18
BLVDEQ.BLV.ndsu.6D1/7D3II, X6D15BobWhite_c14066_403Ra_c32572_3347D320Kukri_c37793_135Kukri_c9804_4624.093.371.43
MIXOPADEQ.MIXOPA.ndsu.7A1/7B1VIIII, X7A150tplb0024a09_2106Tdurum_contig98029_5177B15Excalibur_c21252_227Excalibur_c8486_4713.841.440.41
MMLPTDEQ.MMLPT.ndsu.7A1/7D1I, VII7A165wsnp_Ex_c13337_21022241RAC875_c28842_997D120BS00066128_51BS00083421_514.042.20−0.32
BMTDEQ.BMT.ndsu.7A1/7D3V, X7A125BS00106739_51Excalibur_rep_c68458_15367D370wsnp_BE490643D_Ta_2_1BobWhite_rep_c65034_4505.082.280.07
MMLPTDEQ.MMLPT.ndsu.7A1/7D3I, X7A155BS00011330_51Tdurum_contig67992_2387D375BobWhite_rep_c65034_450wsnp_CAP8_rep_c9647_41985944.321.81−0.17
MIXOPADEQ.MIXOPA.ndsu.7A2/7B1VIIII, X7A210Kukri_c40353_179Excalibur_c59653_2387B15Excalibur_c21252_227Excalibur_c8486_4716.971.220.17
BMTDEQ.BMT.ndsu.7B1/7D2IV, VII7B1110wsnp_Ra_c39394_47110214BobWhite_c26534_5327D25Excalibur_c16580_388Kukri_c19321_4163.621.650.14
MMLPIDEQ.MMLPI.ndsu.7D1/7D3IV, VIIII7D10BS00051338_51IAAV59177D340BobWhite_c7263_337Tdurum_contig46368_6324.741.96−13.80
  • a GPC: grain protein content, BMT: bake mixing time, BA: baking absorption, BLV: bread loaf volume, CBCL: crumb color, CTCL: crust color, FE: flour extraction rate, MIXOPA: the general mixograph pattern, MELS: mixograph envelope left slope, MERS: mixograph envelope right slope, MMLPT: mixograph MID line peak time, MMLPV: mixograph MID line peak value, MMLTV: mixograph MID line time * value, MMLPW: mixograph MID line peak width, MMLPI: mixograph MID line peak integral, DO: dough character.

  • b I: Prosper 2012, II: Carrington 2012, III: Casselton 20012, IV: Prosper 2013, V: Carrington 2013, VI: Minot 2013, VII: Prosper 2014, VIII: Carrington 2014, VIII: Minot 2014, X: BLUP values across all locations.

  • c centimorgan.

  • d Log of the Odds.

  • e Phenotypic variation.