Table 1 Genetic parameters (with standard deviation - SD) and phenotypic adjustment for the traits plant architecture (arch.), lodging (lodg.) and grain productivity (prod.) for common bean, estimated separately for each environment and in joint analysis, considering the 188 genotypes used in the GWAS and RHM
LocalParameterArch.(SD)Lodg. (SD)Prod. (kg/ha) (SD)
GoiásNum. of inbred lines192192192
Phenotypic mean4.36 (0.09)4.32 (0.08)1544.60 (140)
h2 plot means0.82 (0.10)0.77 (0.07)0.30 (0.04)
Formula*0.91 (0.08)0.88 (0.06)0.55 (0.03)
ParanáNum. of inbred lines136136190
Phenotypic mean4.96 (0.10)4.60 (0.11)1585.42 (145)
h2 plot means0.82 (0.12)0.87 (0.09)0.57 (0.05)
Formula0.91 (0.09)0.93 (0.08)0.75 (0.08)
Combinedh2 plot means0.72 (0.05)0.67 (0.04)0.03 (0.001)
Formula0.85 (0.08)0.82 (0.06)0.17 (0.02)
Formula0.81 (0.05)0.79 (0.04)0.43 (0.05)
Formula0.17 (21%)0.21 (27%)0.41 (95%)
Formula0.77 (0.10)0.73 (0.11)0.04 (0.002)
Num. of Genotyped lines181181181
h2G SNP0.76 (0.09)0.75 (0.09)0.32 (0.04)
Explained herit. (%)93.83%94.94%74.42%
h2G DArT0.80 (0.11)0.76 (0.08)0.28 (0.06)
Explained herit. (%)98.77%96.20%65.12%
h2G SNP+DArT0.81 (0.08)0.79 (0.07)0.31 (0.03)
Explained herit (%)≈100.00%≈100.00%72.09%
  • Formula selection accuracy; h2total: joint heritability; c2int: coefficient of determination of G × E interaction; Formula: genetic correlations within a trait across environments; h2 plot means: trait heritability of the germplasm data; h2G: whole genome heritability based on molecular data.