Table 4 Maize USP data set. Estimated variance components for the multi-environment models, main genotypic effect model (MM), single variance G×E deviation model (MDs) and environment-specific variance G×E deviation model (MDe) with two kernels, GBLUP (GB) and Gaussian kernel (GK), with l and without l for grain yield (standard deviation in parentheses)
Variance Component*MMl-GKMMl-GBMDsl-GKMDsl-GBMDel-GKMDel-GBMM- GKMM- GBMDs-GKMDs- GBMDe-GKMde- GB
Embedded Image0.547 (0.02)0.548 (0.02)0.49 (0.02)0.503 (0.02)0.487 (0.02)0.503 (0.02)0.589 (0.02)0.854 (0.02)0.538 (0.02)0.834 (0.02)0.534 (0.02)0.833 (0.02)
Embedded Image0.371 (0.09)0.175 (0.05)0.343 (0.09)0.164 (0.05)0.362 (0.1)0.165 (0.05)1.899 (0.18)0.214 (0.06)2.012 (0.18)0.209 (0.06)2.026 (0.19)0.206 (0.06)
Embedded Image0.091 (0.02)0.045 (0.01)0.077 (0.02)0.029 (0.01)
Embedded Image0.159 (0.09)0.055 (0.03)0.162 (0.07)0.031 (0.03)
Embedded Image0.104 (0.06)0.048 (0.03)0.107 (0.05)0.034 (0.02)
Embedded Image0.093 (0.07)0.046 (0.03)0.073 (0.05)0.038 (0.03)
Embedded Image0.084 (0.06)0.063 (0.03)0.05 (0.04)0.052 (0.03)
Embedded Image0.279 (0.03)0.336 (0.03)0.296 (0.03)0.349 (0.03)0.294 (0.03)0.349 (0.03)
  • * Locations are: Anhumas ideal N (A-IN), Anhumas low N (A-LN), Piracicaba ideal N (P-IN) and Piracicaba low N (P-LN)