Table 1 Characteristics of severe malaria case-control study
Median Age (Range in Months)Ethnic Group (%)
nAkanNorthernerEwe
Case-control study
 Severe malaria83118 (3–147)68.329.52.2
 Controls90327 (4–161)84.114.21.7
Cases stratified by major phenotypes
 Severe anemiaa50613 (3–132)69.728.22.1
 Cerebral malariab16624 (3–147)66.930.72.4
  • a Severe malaria anemia (hemoglobin level < 5 g/dl) with or without additional complications including cerebral malaria.

  • b Cerebral malaria (Blantyre Coma Score [BCS] < 3) with or without additional complications including severe anemia.