Table 1 Phenotypic traits of Mexican and Iranian gene bank landrace collections, number of accessions, number of markers, and heritability (h2) of the trait
TraitNumber of AccessionsNumber of Markersh2
Mexican collection
 Days to heading (DTH)848123,7470.556
 Days to maturity (DTM)848123,7470.554
 Plant height (PHT)841423,7560.345
 Grain yield per square meter (GYSM)814223,7400.339
 Thousand-kernel weight (TKW)810223,8550.583
 Test weight (TW)810223,8550.527
 Grain hardness (GH)786323,5740.448
 Grain protein (GP)810123,8490.508
 SDS sedimentation (SDS)809323,9460.504
Iranian collection
 Days to heading (DTH)237439,7580.827
 Days to maturity (DTM)237439,7580.822
 Thousand-kernel weight (TKW)200033,7090.833
 Test weight (TW)200033,7090.754
 Grain hardness (GH)200033,7090.839
 Grain protein (GP)200033,7090.625
 Grain length (GL)200033,7090.881
 SDS sedimentation (SDS)200033,7090.681
 Grain width (GW)200033,7090.848
 Plant height (PHT)200033,7090.434