Table A2 Not accounting for population structure in Mexican and Iranian landraces
Estimated Variance ComponentPercentage of Within-Environment Variance
EAGA × EG × ERes.AGA × EG × ERes.
Mexican landrace
Days to Heading
 M1:E + A1.1270.0510.03857.3542.64
 M2:E + A + G0.8040.0040.0150.0338.1528.8762.97
 M3:E + A + G + G × E0.6800.0060.0130.0130.01613.0527.2026.5433.18
 M4:E + A + G + G × E + A × E0.6250.0050.0140.0050.0110.01211.7429.0510.7123.6024.88
Days to Maturity
 M1:E + A1.0340.2300.10668.3931.60
 M2:E + A + G0.7110.0120.0710.1026.8838.1654.95
 M3:E + A + G + G × E0.5870.0320.0610.0360.04618.1634.7820.7926.24
 M4:E + A + G + G × E + A × E0.5310.0300.0640.0130.0340.03417.2936.357.7519.2019.39
Iranian landraces
Days to Heading
 M1:E + A1.0750.0380.04148.3551.65
 M2:E + A + G0.8210.0080.0210.03612.0032.7455.26
 M3:E + A + G + GE0.7270.0080.0190.0180.01513.4132.1329.9924.47
 M4:E + A + G + G × E + A × E0.6490.0070.0200.0060.0150.01311.6532.849.4724.5921.44
Days to Maturity
 M1:E + A1.0550.0640.13831.6468.36
 M2:E + A + G0.7780.0120.0430.1187.1124.5768.14
 M3:E + A + G + GE0.6860.0140.0320.0670.0438.9320.4642.8027.81
 M4:E + A + G + G × E + A × E0.6030.0120.0340.0150.0580.0357.8221.919.9437.3822.95
  • Estimated variance components for four models and percentage of within-environment variance accounted for by each random effect of the corresponding model using the full data for two traits, days to heading (DTH) and days to maturity (DTM). E, environment; A, accession; G, genomic (marker); A × E, accession × environment; G × E, genomic × environment; Res., residual.