Table 1 The 48 high seed protein accession female parents, and the seven ordinary seed protein cultivar male parents (M-suffixed codes), ordered by soybean maturity group (MG), and then by mating and parent code. The seed protein and oil values listed for the female and male parents are those available in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) website (but see footnote for exceptions).
GroupSeedbGermplasm AccessionStem
ColorSeed CoatHilum
ProteinOilNumbercName (if Any)OrigindColorFormLusterColor
g kg–1Descriptor Codee
1P1001000529151PI 153296V-4BelgiumDPTEBrSGnBl
2P1002000504158PI 189963Geant VertFranceDPTEBrDGnBl
3P1003000522155PI 548399PandoSouth KoreaDPTEBrSGnBl
4P1004000477156PI 372423Ronset 4FranceDPTEBrILgnBl
5P1005000512157FC 30687Kosodiguri Ext EarlyJapanDPTEBrIGnBl
6P1006000511158PI 153293N-34BelgiumDPTEBrSGnBl
7P1007000478161PI 372412HercumftGermanyDPTETnSLgnBl
8P1009000522159PI 548414SiouxJapanDPTEBrSGnBl
P1021M000430199PI 567787OAC VisionCanadaNPTEBrDYTn
9P102200507158PI 153302V-16BelgiumDPTEBrSGnBl
10P102300526157PI 159764South KoreaDPTEBrSGnBl
11P102400485164PI 438415Ronest 4FranceSPTEBrIGnBl
12P102500508147PI 153301V-14BelgiumDPTEBrSGnBl
13P102600489173PI 189880BitterhofGermanyNPGEBrSYY
14P102700510148PI 153297V-6BelgiumDPTEBrSGnBl
15P221100(-)(-)HHPIllinois (?)NLpG?Br?IbfIb
16P221200(486)(164)AC ProteusCanadaNPT?BrDYBr
17P221300(456)(181)AC ProteinaCanadaNPT?Br?YBr
P1038M00415185PI 602897JimNorth DakotaNPGEBrIYY
18P10390480144PI 427138Choseng No. 1South KoreaDWGABrDYBf
19P10400488195PI 261469Wasedaizu No. 1JapanNWGABrDYBf
20P10410485177PI 181571No. 58JapanNWGABrDYBf
21P10420483150PI 424148ShiromeSouth KoreaNWGABrIYBf
22P10430473156PI 423954ShiromeJapanDWGSaBrDYBf
23P10440494160PI 154196No. 51NetherlandsDPTEBrDGnBl
P1053M0403196PI 602594MN0301MinnesotaNPGEBrIYY
24P1054I484155PI 437088ADV-147Russian Federation (Far East)NPTEBrDYBr
25P1055I514144PI 423949Saikai 20JapanDLpGABrIYBf
26P1056I495141PI 427141Seuhae No. 20South KoreaSPTEBrDYBr
27P1057I482138PI 437716ASjuj-dja-pyn-da-doChinaSPGSaBrIYBf
28P1058I489149PI 423942Saikai 1JapanDPGATnIYBf
P1074MI(407)(195)PI 602593MN1301MinnesotaNWGEBrDYY
29P1075II499157PI 423948ASaikai 18JapanNBGEBrSYBf
30P1076II482154PI 437112AVIR 249Russian Federation (Far East)NWGETnSYY
31P1098II484191PI 548608ProvarIowaNPTEBrDYBr
P1106MII382195PI 597386DwightIllinoisNPTETnDYBl
32P1107III504132PI 445845Szu yueh paChinaDWGATnDYBf
33P1108III494167PI 398516KAERI-GNT 310-1South KoreaDPLtEBrDYY
34P1109III477170PI 91725-4AkazuSouth KoreaDWGSaBrDYBf
35P1110III493165PI 340011South KoreaDPGEBrDYY
36P1111III478162PI 243532Kariho-takiyaJapanDWTEDbrSYBr
37P1113III497168PI 408138CKAS 640-7South KoreaDPGEBrDYY
38P1121III494177PI 398672KAERI-GNT 301-1South KoreaDDpTEBrSRbrfRbr
39P1122III484184PI 360843OshimashiromeJapanNWGEBrIYY
P1137MIII411194PI 597387PanaIllinoisNPGEBrDYBf
40P1138IV479157PI 253666ANo. 17ChinaNWGSaBrIYBf
41P1139IV507151PI 407788AORD 8113South KoreaDPGETnSYBf
42P1140IV493155PI 424286KAS 239-4South KoreaDPGETnDYBf
43P1142IV488166PI 407877BKAERI 511-11South KoreaDPGEBrDYBf
44P1143IV488158PI 398704KAS 330-9-1South KoreaDPGEBrIYBf
45P1145IV491160PI 398970KLS 630-1South KoreaDPGETnDYLbf
46P1146IV493159PI 407823South KoreaDPGETnIYBf
47P1152IV492161PI 407773BKAS 330-9-2South KoreaDWTETnIYBl
P1181MIV424180PI 606748RendIllinoisNWGEBrDYBf
48P1183V476195PI 458256KAS 578-1South KoreaDPGSaBrIYY
  • The seed protein and oil values listed for the female and male parents are those available in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) website (but see footnote for exceptions).

  • a Nebraska field nursery parent identification number. The suffix M denotes a male parent (i.e., the seven agronomic cultivars mated to females of the same MG).

  • b Seed protein and oil values are not available for these four non-GRIN entries: HHP—Brummer et al. (1997) provided details on this high protein accession and its likely source; AC Proteus and AC Proteina—protein and oil values shown here were reported by Voldeng et al. (1996); MN1301—protein and oil values were reported in Hill et al. (2008).

  • c The solid-line and dashed-lined underscoring identifies two groups of accessions that, within each group, were not unique in terms of their SNP genotype.

  • d The non-Asian origin listed for many high protein accessions is, in fact, simply the location of the organization (i.e., mostly European germplasm collection agencies) that donated those accessions to the USDA germplasm collection, but did not provide information as to where in Asia the accession was originally collected.

  • e GRIN descriptor codes: D, determinate; IN, indeterminate; S, semi-determinate; Dp, dark purple; Lp, light purple; B, blue; W, white; Bl, black; Ib, imperfect black; Y, yellow; Br, brown; Bf, buff; Tn, tan; T, tawny; G, gray; Gn, green; Lgn, light green; E, erect; A, appressed; Sa, semi-appressed; Rb, red-brown; S, shiny; I, intermediate; D, dull.

  • f A nonyellow darkly pigmented seed coat color interferes with NIR-based protein and oil measurements. With respect to these two specific female parents, we discarded the homozygous recessive fraction (1/4) of the total F2 plants that produced F2:3 seed progenies that had darkly pigmented (nonyellow) colored seed coats.