Table 2 Parameter estimates from linear mixed-effects models of the additive effect of the major allele of microsatellites of nine candidate genes on variation in sleep behaviors
Awakening TimeaRelative Sleep DurationbProportion Time Spent AwakecMidpoint of SleepdMorning Latencye,f
Intercept−7.53 (–24.27, 9.49)1.06 (1.01, 1.10)0.06 (0.02, 0.09)−46.79 (–75.12, –16.32)1.76 (0.33, 3.25)
AANAT−1.55 (–3.52, 0.41)0.001 (–0.006, 0.004)0.002 (-0.002, 0.006)−1.86 (–5.27, 1.36)0.09 (–0.07, 0.25)
ADCYAP0.64 (–1.25, 2.50)−0.002 (–0.007, 0.003)−0.009 (-0.005, 0.003)1.95 (–1.57, 5.57)−0.07 (–0.24, 0.09)
CACNA1C1.12 (–0.60, 2.80)0.001 (–0.003, 0.005)−0.001 (-0.004, 0.003)1.97 (–1.18, 5.02)0.03 (–0.11, 0.17)
CLOCK−3.30 (–8.25, 1.53)-0.016 (0.03,0.002)−0.001 (-0.013, 0.009)5.87 (–3.68, 15.01)−0.08 (–0.53, 0.36)
CREB1−0.033 (–4.29, 3.76)−0.002 (–0.01, 0.008)0.001 (-0.007, 0.008)−0.60 (–7.53, 6.71)0.13 (–0.20, 0.47)
GRIA3−1.49 (–5.08, 1.99)−0.001 (–0.01, 0.008)0.001 (-0.006, 0.009)0.08 (–6.08, 6.59)0.12 (–0.18, 0.41)
NPAS20.99 (–1.49, 3.43)0.002 (–0.005, 0.009)0.001 (-0.004, 0.006)2.86 (–2.01, 7.54)0.25 (0.47,0.04)
NPSR1−0.46 (–2.75, 1.89)0.007 (0.013,0.0005)−0.002 (-0.007, 0.003)0.43 (–3.68, 4.67)0.07 (–0.13, 0.25)
PCSK2−1.26 (–3.63, 1.11)−0.004 (–0.01, 0.002)0.005 (0.01,0.0006)1.38 (–2.69, 5.67)−0.02 (–0.22, 0.18)
Sex (M)3.89 (6.15,1.62)0.01 (0.017,0.004)−0.001 (–0.005, 0.004)0.65 (–3.61, 5.04)-0.29 (0.49,0.09)
Month0.93 (–1.12, 2.92)0.018 (0.02,0.01)−0.002 (–0.005, 0.001)7.97 (11.35,4.57)−0.03 (–0.19, 0.13)
Year9.19 (4.90, 13.50)0.04 (0.02, 0.05)0.02 (0.03,0.01)9.49 (16.18,4.57)−0.27 (–0.59, 0.03)
Sex (M) × Month2.97 (4.92,1.06)0.01 (0.015,0.004)−0.002 (–0.006, 0.002)1.04 (–2.80, 4.76)0.007 (–0.17, 0.17)
  • Values are reported with 95% credible intervals. Significant effects are presented in bold.

  • a N = 221 observations; minutes relative to sunrise.

  • b N = 214 observations.

  • c N = 200 observations.

  • d N = 214 observations.

  • e N = 221 observations; minutes.

  • f log-transformed.