Table 2 Comparison of significant QTL for morphological traits used here between this and the previous studies of three-spined sticklebacks
TraitThis StudyPrevious Study
QTLLGPVE, %RefaQTLLGPVE, %
Body size
 Csize/standard body lengthMajorLG2127.92MajorLG1913
MinorLG610.45LG13NA
6MajorLG1920.7
MinorLG1912.1
7MajorLG17, LG1823.6, 41.1
Armor trait
 NplateMajorLG474.41MajorLG13, LG21b26, 23
MinorLG9, LG219.1−10.62MajorLG476.9
MinorLG7, LG10, LG213.7−6.5
 D1stMajorLG2150.61MajorLG1, LG221, 17
MinorLG7, LG11, LG166.0−10.96MajorLG945.8, 50.4
 D2ndMajorLG2157.61MajorLG8, LG1122, 17
MinorLG77.3
 PspiMajorLG2156.21MajorLG825
MinorLG76.33MajorLG765.3, 43.7
MinorLG2, LG47.6, 5.8
4MajorLG785.5
 PgirMajorLG2134.63MajorLG746.8, 27.8
MinorLG1310.4MinorLG1, LG2, LG45.6−11.1
4MajorLG787
Body shape
 Coordinate traitsMajorLG2115.1−41.15MajorLG19, LG7, LG415.8−36
MinorLG1, LG5, LG10, LG12, LG13, LG5-LG17, LG19-LG215.8−13.1MinorLG1-5, LG7-LG9, LG12, LG13, LG15-LG212.5−14.6
8MajorLG415.1−40.6
MinorLG1, LG2, LG4, LG7-LG14, LG16-LG215.8−14.7
  • Major QTL are defined as PVE > 15%, whereas minor QTL are PVE < 15%. QTL, quantitative trait locus; PVE, percentage of phenotypic variance explained; NA, not available.

  • a Ref, references including 1: Peichel et al. (2001); 2: Colosimo et al. (2004); 3: Shapiro et al. (2004); 4: Coyle et al. (2007); 5: Albert et al. (2008); 6: Kitano et al. (2009); 7: Greenwood et al. (2011); and 8: Rogers et al. (2012).

  • b For comparison, the same linkage group names were used.