Table 3 Results obtained by binomial sampling with various recombination fractions
TLΔtarbNeutral (s0 = 0)Selective (s0 = 0.05)
BinomialcPseudodBinomialcPseudod
[Model 1′]e
1025Free5.195.0620.4521.05
0.14.6619.90
0.014.9719.33
05.1419.85
2055Free5.004.9436.0636.48
0.14.9736.05
0.014.9537.08
04.8435.76
[Model 5′]f
515Free5.075.018.578.34
0.14.938.80
0.015.088.09
05.418.13
1052Free4.594.9964.3265.73
0.15.2764.23
0.014.8062.55
04.9863.21
  • Values indicate the rejection rates (%) obtained by 10,000 simulations for binomial sampling or by 100,000 simulations for pseudo-sampling under a nominal significance level of 5%.

  • The number of reference were R = 10 The initial frequencies for all R + 1 loci, xh,0, are assumed to be 0.5.

  • a Embedded Image.

  • b r, recombination fraction per generation between two adjacent loci of R + 1 loci. “Free” refers to free recombination.

  • c Binomial, the binomial sampling.

  • d Pseudo, the pseudo-sampling method used in this study.

  • e Model 1′, the constant-size model with N = 100.

  • f Model 5′, the severe bottleneck model with N(t) reduced to 1/200 of that in Model 5.