Model | Grain Yield | Days to Anthesis | Anthesis-Silking Interval |
---|---|---|---|

Estimated broad-sense heritability | 0.433 | 0.676 | 0.545 |

Average predictive correlation | |||

P | 0.518 (0.045) | 0.589 (0.033) | 0.588 (0.046) |

RKHS | 0.553 (0.046) | 0.711 (0.036) | 0.591 (0.044) |

RKHS_{IM} | 0.545 (0.045) | 0.710 (0.035) | 0.585 (0.044) |

RKHS_{H} | 0.505 (0.050) | 0.659 (0.040) | 0.561 (0.046) |

PRKHS | 0.584 (0.044) | 0.727 (0.032) | 0.620 (0.043) |

PRKHS_{IM} | 0.582 (0.045) | 0.729 (0.031) | 0.616 (0.043) |

PRKHS_{H} | 0.548 (0.047) | 0.681 (0.036) | 0.598 (0.044) |

GBLUP | 0.469 (0.050) | 0.668 (0.042) | 0.563 (0.050) |

GBLUP_{IM} | 0.475 (0.050) | 0.677 (0.040) | 0.566 (0.050) |

GBLUP_{H} | 0.462 (0.052) | 0.622 (0.045) | 0.549 (0.051) |

PGBLUP | 0.582 (0.045) | 0.727 (0.031) | 0.623 (0.042) |

PGBLUP_{IM} | 0.585 (0.044) | 0.731 (0.031) | 0.620 (0.043) |

PGBLUP_{H} | 0.551 (0.047) | 0.678 (0.036) | 0.599 (0.044) |

% Change relative to the P model | |||

RKHS | 6.7 | 20.7 | 0.6 |

RKHS_{IM} | 5.2 | 20.6 | −0.6 |

RKHS_{H} | −2.6 | 11.9 | −4.7 |

PRKHS | 12.7 | 23.4 | 5.3 |

PRKHS_{IM} | 12.3 | 23.8 | 4.6 |

PRKHS_{H} | 5.7 | 15.6 | 1.6 |

GBLUP | −9.5 | 13.4 | −4.3 |

GBLUP_{IM} | −8.3 | 14.9 | −3.8 |

GBLUP_{H} | −10.8 | 5.6 | −6.7 |

PGBLUP | 12.4 | 23.4 | 5.9 |

PGBLUP_{IM} | 13.0 | 24.2 | 5.4 |

PGBLUP_{H} | 6.4 | 15.1 | 1.8 |

SE shown in parentheses. Average correlations are across 50 random partitions of the data with 70% in the training set and 30% in the validation set. Fitted models were pedigree (P), reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces regression without imputed GBS (RKHS), reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces regression with imputed GBS (RKHS

_{IM}), reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces regression with haplotype inference from imputed GBS (RKHS_{H}), GBLUP without imputed GBS, GBLUPS_{IM}with imputed GBS, GBLUP_{H}with haplotype inferred from imputed GBS, pedigree reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces regression without imputed GBS (PRKHS), pedigree reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces regression with imputed GBS (PRKHS_{IM}), pedigree reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces regression with haplotype inference from imputed GBS (PRKH_{H}), pedigree GBLUP without imputed GBS (PGBLUP), pedigree GBLUPS_{IM}with imputed GBS (PGBLUPS_{IM}), and pedigree GBLUP_{H}with haplotype inferred from imputed GBS (PGBLUP_{H}). GBLUP, genomic best linear unbiased predictors; GBS, genotyping-by-sequencing.