Table 1 Comparison of recombination detection rates for mtDNA between a simple model of evolution and a model that includes mutation rate heterogeneity but no population growth
TestEvolutionary ModelRecombination Parameter ρP Value
025.49281012
D′Simple075959597100
rh575968894970.519
r2Simple87398999899
rh371949997980.041
HTSimple3099100100100100
rh42961001001001000.518
HT 3rdSimple259799100100100
rh3995991001001000.447
PHI pSimple0589698100100
rh1619598981000.822
PHI nSimple064939899100
rh1609697100990.872
NSSSimple16693969898
rh371929697980.419
MSSimple86081878587
rh358778184850.009
  • Values represent the number of 100 samples in which recombination was detected, using a nominal P value of 0.05 to indicate significance. P values are from paired, two-tailed Student’s t-tests. Simple, simple scenario of sequence evolution; rh, evolution of sequences involves mutation rate heterogeneity, but no population growth; D′, LD vs. distance using D′; r2, LD vs. distance using r2; HT, Homoplasy Test; HT 3rd, Homoplasy Test using only every third site; PHI p, Pairwise Homoplasy Index using permutations; PHI n, Pairwise Homoplasy Index using a normal approximation; NSS, Neighborhood Similarity Score; MS, Max χ2.