Table 3 Molecular markers and associated trait loci in common bean germplasm according to genome-wide association study (GWAS) for three traits, analyzed by environment and jointly
LocalTraitChrom.PositionTypeMarker Code2pqh2GWASTotal h2 explained£–log10(p)
JointArchitecture115.72DArTX3366188.F.00.460.2328.4%4.31
Lodging115.72DArTX3366188.F.00.460.2430.4%4.53
GoiásArchitecture115.72DArTX3366188.F.00.460.1923.2%4.16
Lodging115.72DArTX3366188.F.00.460.2330.0%4.33
Productivity348.15SNPX3382215.F.00.470.0620.0%4.06
Productivity349.18SNPX3382284.F.00.480.0723.3%4.89
ParanáArchitecture115.72DArTX3366188.F.00.460.1923.2%3.98
Lodging115.72DArTX3366188.F.00.460.1820.7%3.95
  • 2pq: frequency of the heterozygous genotype of the associated marker; £: percentage of h2 trait explained by GWAS QTL (h2GWAS/h2G); –log10(p): p-value expressed as -log10; Chrom: chromosome.